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Christoph Schmidt, Ifau Berlin

Spaces of negotiation

Series: Projective Cities Seminar
Date: Tuesday 26 May 2020
Time: 10:00
Venue: AA Lecture Hall Teams

What if architecture does not solve conflicts or tries to organize them by assignments?
What if architecture enhanced conflicts to activate their inherent potentials for action and negotiation?

Insights into actual projects of the Berlin based architectural group ifau regarding urban housing development processes in Hamburg and Berlin. According to two projects the participatory planning processes are strongly connected with and controlled by the local communities and the political-admininstrative municipalities. Developments and participatory planning processes for a new mixed residential and non-residential quarter with sub-cultural forms of use providing a mix of live and work units meeting the needs of artists, producers and creative professionals. The starting point for the spatial layout and design is a collaborative and socially mixed concept of use. Moreover, the comparatively low land prices allow the cross financing of co-operative living and studio spaces within the project.

Create situations for conflicts to be negotiated by the users!

ifau is a Berlin-based working group of architects with a focus on interrelated, interdisciplinary projects in the field of architecture and urban design. Their flexible methodology extends from research projects to interventions in the urban realm. All of their work aims to involve contextual processes, difference and diversity to create space for negotiation in design development. They are particularly interested in process-oriented strategies and participative design methods. They realised several projects for arts institutions. Their works and texts have been published in numerous books and architectural magazines. References include Palais Thinnfeld in Graz, Casco - Office for Art, Design and Theory in Utrecht, The Showroom in London, Artists Space and Goethe Institute - Wyoming Building in New York, R50-cohousing, Residential and studio building at the former Berlin flower market (IBeB) in Berlin

Christoph Schmidt is a founding member of ifau (institute for applied urbanism, 1998). He studied architecture at the RWTH Aachen University of Technology and the University College of Portsmouth. He worked as a freelance architect in Cologne and Berlin. He has been teaching architecture as assistant professor at the Technical University of Berlin where his research and taught courses where focused on innovative design methods, process-oriented design strategies and cooperative housing projects. Currently he teaches as professor at the department of urban context design at the Peter Behrens School of Arts in Düsseldorf.

Watch the Seminar on YouTube

Christoph's lecture will be immediately followed by Christina Gamboa's lecture. A conversation between Christoph and Christina will take place afterwards.

Building references for co-housing

Tulou, Runddorf, Bezirk Yongding, Stadt Longyan, Provinz Fujian, China, seit dem 12. Jhdt.
Familistère in Guise, Jean-Baptiste André Godin, Guise, Aisne, F, 1850
Justus van Effen Complex. Michiel Brinkman, Spangen, Rotterdam,NL, 1919-1922
Einküchenhäuser, Modelle der Kollektivierung der Hauswirtschaft, ab Ende des 19. Jhdts. z.B.
Heimhof in Wien, 1923 oder Het Nieuwe Huis in Amsterdam Oud-Zuid, 1928
Narkomfin-Kommunehaus (Dom Narkomfina), Moisei Ginzburg, Ignaty Milinis, Moskau, UdSSR, 1928-1932
Karl-Marx-Hof, Karl Ehn, Wien, A, 1927-1933
Jeanne Hachette Complex (les étoiles) Jean Renaudie, Ivry-sur-Seine, Paris, F, 1970-1975
The Barbican, Peter Chamberlin, Geoffry Powell, Christof Bon, Arup, London, 1956-1976
Molenvliet-Wilgendonk, experimentelles Wohnprojekt, Franz van der Werf, Papendrecht, NL, 1980
R50 co-housing Berlin, ifau and Jesko Fezer, Heide & von Beckerath, Berlin 2012
Local Community Area, experimentelles Wohnprojekt, Japan, Riken Yamamoto & Field Shop
Live Forever/The Return of the Factory, Dogma - Proposal for a living/working unité d’habitation, Balti Station area, Tallinn, Estland, 2013
Wohn- und Gewerbesiedlung Kalkbreite, Müller Sigrist Architekten, Zürich, CH, 2014
Co-housing model: Stille Straße 10; Berlin Pankow + Assemble Studio, London, im Rahmen des
Ausstellungsprojekts ’Wohnungsfrage’ im HKW Berlin, 2015
Cooperative housing La Borda, Barcelona, Cooperativa LaCol, 2019

Fernández Per, A. / Mozas, J. / Ollero, A. S. 2013. Ten stories of collective housing – graphical analysis of inspiring masterpieces.
Vitoria-Gasteiz : a+t Architecture Publ.
James, S. 2009. New forms of collective housing in Europe. Nouvelles formes d'habitat collectif en
Europe. Bordeaux / Basel: Arc en Rêve Centre d'Architecture / Birkhäuser.
Mehr als Wohnen: Genossenschaftlich planen - Ein Modellfall aus Zürich, hrgb. von Margrit
Hugentobler, Andreas Hofer, Pia Simmendinger
Die Träger und die Menschen: Das Ende des Massenwohnungbaus / 2-Komponenten-Bauweise:
Struktur und Zufall, N. J. Habraken; Arnulf Lüchinger, published by Arch-Edition Den Haag, 2000
ARCH+ 232: An Atlas of Commoning: Orte des Gemeinschaffens, Aachen / Berlin: archplus Verlag.
Kommunal & selbstverwaltet Wohnen:
Berliner Hefte zu Geschichte und Gegenwart der Stadt #4, Gemeingut Stadt, Stavros Stavrides,
Mathias Heyden; Berlin 2017


Links to share
DE DRAGER / A film about Architect John Habraken (English subtitles)

The Architects Sketch - Monty Python's Flying Circus

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The Architectural Association receives Taught Degree Awarding Powers by the Lords of Her Majesty’s Most Honourable Privy Council.

The Architectural Association (AA), the oldest independent school of architecture in the United Kingdom, is pleased to announce that it has been granted the power to award its own degrees. As of 1 October 2019, the AA has the right to establish new academic programmes and degree awards and is working to create some of the world’s most pioneering courses in architecture to shape and build the future.

Taught Degree Awarding Powers (TDAP) give UK higher education institutions the right to award bachelor’s and master’s degrees. Prospective students worldwide can apply to the AA Foundation Course (Foundation Diploma), Experimental Programme BA(Hons), Diploma Programme (MArch), and nine taught postgraduate programmes encompassing History and Critical Thinking in Architecture (MA), Projective Cities (Taught MPhil) and Sustainable Environmental Design (MSc/MArch), amongst others.

AA Director, Eva Franch said, ‘since our founding in 1847 we have never ceased to create new horizons, institutionally and academically. This is a significant milestone for the AA and demonstrates how we have grown and progressed as an institution that has always valued independence. Receiving TDAP marks a new era for our institution; these are exciting times for the AA. The process has required considerable work from all members of staff and students. I would like to take this opportunity to credit them for this major achievement’.

President of the AA Council, Victoria Thornton added, ‘the TDAP process has recognised our strong governance, academic standards, scholarship and teaching as well as the environment supporting the delivery of taught higher education programmes’.

The School’s application for Taught Degree Awarding Powers was supported by the Architects Registration Board, the Royal Institute of British Architects and The Open University.